Palm Springs Ballin'

Palm Springs Ballin' 

One of my favourite portrait shots. Taken in 2006 or so, during a party in Palm Springs. No, this fine gentleman doesn't own the Ferrari Enzo but certainly looks pimp posing next to it. Manicured suburbs in pastel colours with a Sinatra-esque vibe...Palm Springs Ballin' baby.


Pirelli Photo Award, 2011

2011 AJAC Journalism Awards  NIAGARA-ON-THE-LAKE: OCTOBER 26, 2011-- Orazio Mastracchio (right) poses for a photo as he presents the third place unpublished Pirelli Photography award to Amee Reehal (left) during the Automobile Journalists Association of Canada's 28th annual Journalism Awards Banquet in Niagara-on-the-Lake on Wednesday, October 26, 2011. (Michelle Siu for Automobile Journalists Association of Canada)

Blog News > All Auto Content on New Site >

AmeeReehalBlog...It Just Got Personal


For all those following my new car reviews, bike and tuner features, please note all new auto content will now be available at WWW.TRACTIONMAG.CA

Traction is a new Canadian online automobile outlet with more car reviews, classic motorbike and tuner features. Plus, daily auto news updates. More contributors, also. You'll like it. Trust me. Check it out. follow my photography, published work, and Gate58 Travel Art, and/or other ramblings, please keep on this blog. Always appreciate your feedback and support.



Porsche Chooses Pirelli P Zero for new 911


September 15, 2011, Frankfort (Germany) – Porsche has fitted the latest iteration of its iconic 911 with Pirelli’s P Zero ultra-high-performance (UHP) tire.  Two different compounds of P Zero were specially developed for the new Porsche 911 Carrera that will have its world premiere at the Frankfurt Motor Show this week in sizes 245/35ZR20 front and 295/30ZR20 rear).


P Zero brings the new Porsche prodigious grip while enhancing the aerodynamic characteristics of the new Stuttgart supercar. With Porsche, Pirelli confirms its premium strategy and position as a leading partner to the world’s most prestigious car manufacturers. The P Zero developed for the Carrera accentuates the car’s characteristics, ensuring comfort, performance and driving enjoyment.


The latest tread compounds were specially designed for the new Porsche 911; the rear features Kevlar, a synthetic fiber offering excellent heat resistance and elasticity, whose longitudinal action allows the tire to react to thermal stress. The rear tire gives the Porsche maximum lateral grip, excellent stability even at high speed and greater precision when driving, thus eliminating the risk of oversteer or degradation of the tire itself. The front tire compound contains special nano-composites whose longitudinal and side action provides excellent grip and a marked improvement in cornering and lateral thrust.


The P Zero tread was specially developed by Pirelli engineers with side blocks featuring optimized sipe depth, thereby notably reducing noise emissions in compliance with European Union regulations.


Porsche has also chosen Pirelli for the 911 Carrera Turbo variant, to be launched over the coming months.  The eagerly-awaited supercar will be fitted with the P Zero 245/35ZR20 on the front and 305/30ZR20 on the rear.


The P Zero chosen by the German manufacturer is undergoing continual development as regards both design and the materials utilized. P Zero has enabled Pirelli to consolidate its leadership of the top vehicle ranges, having obtained more than 200 fitment approvals and chosen by leading car manufacturers to aid and enhance the extreme performance of supercars, while offering increasingly higher levels of driving pleasure and safety.


Pirelli Tire North America designs, develops, manufactures and markets tires for passenger vehicles in both the original equipment and replacement markets as well as markets and distributes tires for motorcycles and motorsports. Located in Rome, Georgia, Pirelli’s Modular Integrated Robotized System (MIRS) employs state-of-the-art technology to manufacture tires for both export and domestic markets.  For more information please visit

Tested > 2011 Ford Explorer Limited

2011 Ford Explorer Limited

Review & Photo: Amee Reehal ©


Perhaps no other SUV is as iconic at the Ford Explorer. Once a box on wheels, the all-new 2011 Ford Explorer is totally redeveloped--a stylish, more sophisticated full-size SUV, the new Ford Explorer is like a well-travelled globetrotter with a better (wiser) outlook on life, exuding a whole new level of panache and style. Goodbye Samsonite. Hello Tumi.

Inside and out, the fit and finish of the 2011 Ford Explorer is evident. Producing a good-looking, well-crafted, high-quality SUV, that is not only refined but on the open road, very quiet as well, which Ford claims will rival the much more costly premium SUVs on the market. Ford has inundated the Explorer with technologies and features, including MyFord Touch and SYNC--again, rivalling the premium SUVs on the market. For 2011, the Explorer also finds more head and shoulder room, and the third-row seating is now a standard.

My Explorer Limited came with a few cabin options, including all-weather floor mats ($30); 2nd row dual captain chairs (500); a dual panel moonroof (1750); luxury seating package with powerfold third row seat (900); the navigation system (700); and the Technology package (2400) with active park assist, adapt cruise/collision warning, rain sensing wipers, and blind spot monitoring. Also optional, found on my tester, 20-inch polished aluminum rims ($600) and a trailer tow package-class III (500).

The idea that a full-size SUV's fuel efficiency can be in line with a full-size sedan may sound preposterous. Except to Ford with their introduction of the insane EcoBoost. Available later this year, the 2011 Explorer will be fitted with an optional EcoBoost 2.0L I-4 V6, providing huge fuel efficiency without comprising power. Combining gasoline and turbochargers, the EcoBoost puts down 237HP at 5500 RPM and 255-lb.ft of torque. Ultimately, rendering a 30-percent increase in fuel economy, which Ford claims is playing ball with the likes of Honda Accord V6. And even better fuel efficiency than the Toyota Highlander Hybrid (…Hybrid!).

Standard powerplant in the 2011 Ford Explorer is the 3.5L V6 with four-wheel drive and terrain management at the touch of a button. This V6 delivers 290HP and 255-lb.ft of torque. Mated to a unique six-speed transmission, performance and economy are increased with flexibility of optimum gearing for different situations. Optional in the 2011 Ford Explorer XLT and Limited models is the SelectShift Automatic transmission allowing manual shifting via a shifter-mounted button for thumb activated + or - gear changes.

The 2011 Ford Explorer adds an impressive list of innovative safety features, raising the safety bar within the SUV segment. The most notable of these include the industry-first inflatable rear seat belts. Ford recognized second-row passengers, including children and mature passengers, can be more vulnerable to head, chest, and neck injuries. Thus, the world' first inflatable seats belts. Upon deployment, these belts spread impact forces over five times more than the conventional seat belt, reducing pressure on the chest while helping control head and neck motion.

Here are the standard safety features found in all Explorer models:

  • AdvanceTracwith RSC features Curve Control functionality to provide braking – optimized by each individual wheel
  • Second-generation first-row airbags, side seat airbags
  • Belt-Minder® for driver and first-row passenger
  • Front passenger sensing system
  • Energy-management system pretensioning for height-adjustable first-row seat belts
  • LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren) system for outboard second-row positions, for safely securing child safety seats
  • SOS Post-Crash Alert System
  • Safety Canopy® side curtain airbags
  • Tire Pressure Monitoring System

Optional safety features include Adaptive cruise control/collision warning with brake support; and BLIS (Blind Spot Info System) with cross-traffic alert.

For more info on the 2011 Ford Explorer, visit Ford Canada.



2011 Ford Explorer Prices                                                                                          MSRP

Base V6 FWD


Base V6 4WD






Limited V6 FWD


Limited V6 4WD


Destination and Delivery

$  1,400


2011 Ford Explorer Optional Equipment Prices                                             MSRP

XLT - 20 inch Polished Aluminum Wheels with P255/50R20 A/S BSW


Limited - 20 inch Polished Aluminum Wheels with P255/50R20 A/S BSW

$   600

Limited – 2nd Row Captain's Chairs (LTD requires Luxury Seating Package)

$   500

Limited - 2nd Row Console (LTD requires 2nd row Captain's Chairs)

$   150

Limited - Luxury Seating Package

$   900

XLT – Leather Trimmed Seats




6-Speed Selectshift Automatic™ Transmission (requires and only available with Trailer Tow


DVD Headrest (XLT, Limited)


Technology Package (requires Luxury Seating package)


Trailer Tow Package – Class III (including and requires 6-Speed Selectshift Automatic™ Transmission)

$   500

BLIS® (Blind Spot Information System) with Cross Traffic Alert (requires Reverse Camera) (XLT, Limited)

$   500

Floor Mats – Carpeted and All Weather (front/rear)

$   100

Moonroof – Dual Panel (XLT, Limited)


Power Liftgate (XLT)

$   500

Rear Outboard Inflatable Seatbelts (XLT/LTD)

$   250

Reverse Camera (XLT)

$    500

Reverse Sensing System (Base)

$    400

Red Candy Metallic with Tinted Clearcoat

$    300

White Platinum Tri-Coat (XLT, Limited)

$   300

Voice Activated Navigation System (XLT, Limited)

$    700

SIRIUS® Satellite Radio (Base)

$    200


2011 Ford Explorer Fuel Economy                                   City L/100 km    Hwy L/100 km

Ford Explorer 4X2 3.5L – V6 6 speed automatic 11.9        8.0
Ford Explorer AWD 3.5L – V6 6 speed automatic 12.5


Ford Explorer 4X4 3.5L – V6 SST 6 speed automatic 12.5




200th Hyundai Dealer in Winnipeg



MARKHAM, Ontario (September 14, 2011) – Birchwood Hyundai became the 200th Hyundai dealer in Canada when it officially opened its doors to the public in Winnipeg, Hyundai Auto Canada Corp. announced.  The opening of the dealership is the latest development signifying the brand’s growth in Canada.

To date, Hyundai has achieved 32 consecutive months of year-over-year sales growth.  This performance has positioned Hyundai as Canada’s best-selling passenger car brand and fifth-largest automotive company overall.  Hyundai’s new vehicle sales are up 9.2% for the first eight months of 2011.

“Birchwood Hyundai is the perfect choice for Hyundai to surpass the 200 dealer mark,” said Steve Kelleher, President and CEO of Hyundai Auto Canada Corp.  “The city of Winnipeg is on a growth curve offering tremendous potential. When we were looking at our dealer development plans for this year, it was great to see that Winnipeg would take us to number 200 and help solidify Hyundai as one of Canada’s the fastest-growing automotive companies.”

The 19,000 square-foot facility is the fourth Hyundai dealership in the greater Winnipeg area.  Birchwood Hyundai offers 14 service bays, 8-car indoor showroom and be managed by Dealer Principal Stephen Chipman.  The Chipman name should be familiar to many Winnipeggers as the family holds investments in a number of local businesses, including the Winnipeg Jets NHL franchise that will soon return to the city.

“We’re really thrilled Birchwood Hyundai has become the 200th Hyundai dealer in Canada,” said Chipman.  “We’re proud to be the newest addition to the growing Hyundai dealer family and to give customers in the city even more choice when they go looking for a new vehicle. Hyundai is a strong brand, offering vehicles with unmatched quality, style, fuel efficiency and value.  We believe it’s a combination that will appeal to many in Winnipeg.”

Hyundai Auto Canada Corp., established in 1983 and headquartered in Markham, Ontario, is a subsidiary of Hyundai Motor Company of South Korea. Hyundai vehicles are distributed throughout Canada by Hyundai Auto Canada and are sold and serviced through 200 dealerships nationwide.

Two New Land Rover Defender Concepts


“The entire Land Rover team is excited about the opportunity, and the responsibility, of creating the replacement for the iconic Land Rover Defender. Loved the world over for its simple, honest and distinctive design, we are determined that the new Defender will be true to its heritage while meeting the requirements of a changing global market. We plan to engage with existing and potential customers to help us finalize the details of the new vehicle. One thing's for sure, it's going to be an exciting journey, and we can't wait to get going.”

John Edwards, Global Brand Director, Land Rover

For over 60 years, Land Rover has been designing and building 4x4s that define capability, versatility and usability. Like no other vehicle, the Defender inspires affection and loyalty the world over. It is an eminently adaptable vehicle, serving people under all conditions whether they are explorers, ecologists, UN aid workers or Red Cross medics.

From just two principal platforms, the Defender has been put to every task and reconfigured in every way, from fire engines to tracked exploration vehicles. The only limit to the abilities of a Defender is the imagination of its owner. An estimated three-quarters of the nearly two million Defender models built are still in use.

The next chapter in the Defender story will unfold at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. The two DC100 concepts unveiled there will build on the essential elements of Defender and allow Land Rover to discuss and inspire dreams of a future Defender.

For images of the DC100 and DC100 Sport, visit


  • Two new concepts from Land Rover investigate the future design possibilities of the iconic Defender.
  • Three-across front seat is inspired by early Land Rover vehicles.
  • Cutting-edge sustainable, hi-tech materials taken from luxury yachts, private jets and even spacecraft.
  • The concepts capture the flexibility, adaptability and configurability that have always been key attributes of Land Rover and continue in today’s Defender.
    • DC100 demonstrates the future of Land Rover capability and versatility.
    • DC100 Sport is an active expression of freedom and adventure.
  • The Terrain-i scanning device warns the driver of obstacles when off-roading and can suggest alternative routes.
  • "Wade Aid" uses sonar technology to assess water depth and advise the driver of optimum speed for water fording.
  • Intelligent next-generation Land Rover Terrain Response system automatically optimizes the vehicle for any surface or terrain.
  • Driver-activated spiked tire system can be deployed at the touch of a button.
  • Future paint technologies will allow for self-cleaning and healing paint and bodywork.
  • Both concepts are based on the same lightweight, mixed-alloy platform.
  • Four-wheel drive with a transfer case.
  • Eight-speed automatic transmission
  • Intelligent Engine Start/Stop technology
  • Driveline Disconnect physically decouples the rear axle to save fuel when four-wheel drive is not required.
  • 2.0-liter, four-cylinder gasoline and diesel engines with hybrid and plug-in capabilities.
  • Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Adventure key is a waterproof, lightweight alternative to the control fob.
  • Always-on connectivity and telematics allow for vehicle-to-smartphone, vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-base communication.
  • Built-in inductive charging stations throughout the concepts.
  • Land Rover confirms its global intention to launch a new Defender in 2015, with no current decision on whether or not the next generation Defender will come to the North American markets.


Two modern interpretations of the iconic Land Rover will make their debut at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show. Both concepts capture the adventurous, daring, and indomitable spirit of Land Rover. This spirit came to fruition in 1948 with the launch of the Land Rover Series 1, which swiftly earned a global reputation for capability and created the legend surrounding the Land Rover name.

Replacing an automotive icon is a tremendous challenge. These two concepts explore design possibilities that take the honest character and timeless simplicity of the Defender into the 21st Century.

Design As the names of the DC100 and DC100 Sport concepts suggest, their inspiration stems from iconic Land Rover models, and are intended to generate discussion about the future of one of the most recognized automotive designs in the world.

The shape and stance of the DC100 concept captures the inherent simplicity and confidence of the original Land Rover. The DC100 design undeniably demonstrates that it has the capability to embark on journeys to places few other vehicles dare tread.

The DC100 Sport captures the adventurous, into-the-wild ethos typified by the early Defender models. With canvas roofs and fold-down windshields, these vehicles allowed a total connection with the exciting landscapes they traversed. Reinterpreted for a new generation of adventurers, DC100 Sport features a streamlined, cut-down windshield and side windows

Interior  Both concepts feature three across front seating for increased versatility. The middle seat lifts to reveal a secure stowage area, while the outboard passenger seat can be folded away to increase carrying capacity.

Both interiors feature rugged, durable and sustainable modern materials that offer comfort levels undreamt of by early Land Rover owners. Those chosen for the DC100 are the latest in high-tech, tough, fabrics that will survive a lifetime of the roughest treatment. In the DC100 Sport, the materials are more luxurious, featuring leather with a subtle Tribal Tech pattern, referencing a legacy of exploration.

Technology The concepts are based on an advanced mixed-alloy platform, and represent the flexibility of design and use inherent in this very capable platform. An eight-speed transmission and a transfer case provide a wide spread of high and low ratios for on and off-road driving.

Also showcased is the next generation of Land Rover all-terrain technology. Building on the acclaimed Terrain Response system, these systems work seamlessly together to reduce the workload on the driver by identifying potential hazards and advising safer routes to avoid them. An advanced telematics program unites the systems and allows vehicle to smartphone communication.


“These could not be designs from any other company. Defender became a global icon because of the integrity of both its design and engineering. In creating these concepts, we took the functional design cues from the past and reinterpreted them for the 21st century. These studies represent our thoughts on how we will forge an entirely new generation of Defender models which will prove that design can work in harmony with function.”

Gerry McGovern, Design Director, Land Rover

Land Rover has a design integrity that stretches back more than 60 years. Reinventing and reinvigorating that design ethos is a challenge that has been met – in two very different ways. Each concept represents different points on the Land Rover spectrum.

Simplicity and Strength The bodywork reflects the Land Rover practice of avoiding extraneous detailing by following the principle of form derived from function, leading to a purposeful simplicity of surface. The sharply defined shoulder line and near vertical panels of the concepts places all four corners within sight of the driver, to create a confidence-inspiring Command Driving position that is a Land Rover hallmark.

Compact dimensions, short overhangs, and 22-inch alloy wheels lend both all-terrain concepts a fittingly purposeful, foursquare stance. Further detailing - such as the triangular vent in the front fenders, hood edges set into the shoulder line, and a prominent handle set into the trailing edge of the doors - also reference Land Rover tradition.

Authentic Design Few vehicles in this world inspire feelings of loyalty and affection as a Land Rover Defender. Crucial to that appeal is the front-end design. The DC100 Sport and DC100 represent the latest evolution of the Defender ‘face’ that has retained its timeless appeal for 60 years.

The key elements were a sense of openness and honesty. As a vehicle used in the most extreme conditions, a Land Rover must also exude rugged dependability. This is seen to greatest effect in DC100 with its signature twin round headlamps and purposeful grille. DC100 Sport represents a more assertive, performance-oriented interpretation with a steeply raked front end.

DC100  The radically different design treatments demonstrate the modularity and flexibility of the platform. The shape of DC100 is instantly recognizable. Like the original Land Rover and the Defender that followed it, it looks equally at home alongside an English village green as traversing an Icelandic lava field.

As a dependable all-terrain workhorse, DC100 firmly emphasizes the practical side of Land Rover. An upright windscreen provides excellent visibility on and off-road while an interchangeable rear cover allows for either maximum cargo capacity or transporting additional passengers. A winch, which is capable of supporting the weight of the vehicle, is neatly integrated into the front grille. Towing eyes have been built into each corner.

The roof is equipped with solar panels to supplement power for on-board systems, reducing the load on the engine and lowering emissions. The exterior is painted in soft metallic silver specifically intended to reflect the sun’s rays, keeping the interior cool in hot climates and reducing the demands on the climate-control system. Land Rover is also researching future paint technologies that would create both self-cleaning and self-healing bodywork.

DC100 Sport  With DC100 Sport, Land Rover has created a concept that occupies its own territory. It takes its cue from the early canvas-roofed Defender with a fold-down windshield that typifies the Land Rover spirit of adventure and exploration.

Reimagined as a performance concept for the 21st century, it features a wraparound aero screen and cut-down side windows for exhilarating open-air motoring. Flowing back from the seats is a twin-humped fastback roofline, which encloses a generous load bed that includes fittings designed to secure sports equipment and adventure gear.

The DC100 Sport is finished with a metallic amber paint that echoes the vibrant ochre hues found in Africa.


Functionality and usability are two key characteristics of Land Rover interiors – the position and logic of every control should be obvious the moment the driver enters. The form and function of the concepts are visually integrated in the interior layout. The door structure flows into the cabin and flows into an elegant beam running the width of the dash. The concepts recreate the three-across seating layout seen in the Defender.

Three Across Seating This seating arrangement extends its versatility and creates a social setting within the vehicle. The passenger seat can be folded out of the way to increase carrying capacity. The middle seat conceals a large secure storage area. In front of the middle seat is a machined aluminum tray that contains induction charging technology to power electronic devices.

This innovative layout is particularly space-efficient, allowing for integrated storage areas both above and below the central beam, and for the gearlever to be mounted on the center console. This reduces the time the driver’s hand is away from the wheel while changing gears, increasing control during off-road or high-speed driving.

Multifunctional Removable Touch screen  Like early Land Rover models, the DC100 concepts have a centrally positioned instrument cluster mounted above the gearlever. Combining the informatics functions of an instrument panel with an intuitive touch screen interface, the unit is backed by powerful telematics technology that co-ordinates the groundbreaking technologies to be found in these concepts.

All of the concepts’ functions can be controlled via this interface, using a combination of swipe and press gestures on the touch screen. The steering wheel includes four shortcut keys that reconfigure the touch screen to control functions such as navigation, audio and climate.

The control unit is removable from the dashboard to extend its functionality. Finished in shock and water-resistant silicon and equipped with its own power source, camera, and satellite connectivity, this allows it to be used as a portable navigation tool with an internal hard drive that can record waypoints, HD video footage and stills images.

Sustainable Materials The cabins of both concepts are finished with materials possessing rugged and durable qualities. All these have been chosen for their sustainability both in terms of composition and in terms of manufacture. For example, the seat foam is derived from castor oil, and semi-structural panels and sound insulating boards are made from flax and natural polymers.

Premium Performance  Taking its cue from technical sportswear, DC100 uses the latest generation of performance materials to create an interior of premium quality that is adaptable and hardwearing. The beam running the width of the cabin, door panels and seat bolsters are trimmed in Obsidian Grey and Carbon Black Ultrafabrics, a technical cloth found on designer furniture and super yachts. Ultrafabrics is not only antimicrobial, water-repellent, breathable and resistant to solar aging, it is also PVC-free, low in volatile organic compounds and lightweight.

Complementing this is SuperFabric, an almost indestructible textile with a premium feel. Normally found in protective clothing for extreme environments – including spacesuits - DC100 uses it on the seat cushions and to line the footwells and rear load space.

Aluminum is also used extensively in the vehicles. Trim material – such as the drains in the fully washable rear load bed – are made of recycled metal.

Traditional Toughness DC100 Sport achieves the same singularity of purpose with a mixture of modern and traditional materials. The seats are trimmed in the original protective material; leather, with a lightweight, breathable mesh insert in a bold "Tribal Tech" pattern. The leather is sourced from Bridge of Weir, a Scottish company with impeccable environmental credentials. The hide is covered with a 3D-textured mesh that alternately reveals and hides the Tribal Tech pattern.

The Tribal Tech pattern is repeated on the floor of DC100 Sport where floor mats are made of Ombrae™, a sculptural medium used in art installations and modern architecture. This dynamic 3D material changes its appearance through the use of light and shadow, depending on the viewing angle. The same design is also echoed in the hand-patterned Pirelli tires.

Adaptable Interior The concepts’ outward modularity is repeated in the interior where the door canisters can be configured with options ranging from portable barbecue sets to field first-aid kits.

The rear compartment features fully configurable load spaces. Down the center of each is an aluminum inductive power strip, which powers a removable compartment that can be chilled or heated– perfect for picnics on the beach or hot drinks on the slopes.

The inductive power strip can be used to charge a range of power tools on the move, with supplementary equipment carried in flanking containers. A further charging area to one side is used for charging a portable speaker system, from audio specialists Meridian, that wirelessly streams music from the vehicle to the speaker This feature can be also be used to charge communications equipment or laptops.

Technology and Capability

These two concepts showcase the next generation of technologies that will extend Land Rover’s reputation for legendary all-terrain prowess and 365 day-a-year usability.

21st Century Capabilities As with any Land Rover, both DC100 designs have towing and load-carrying capabilities that exceed expectations but use two different and well-proven Land Rover suspension systems specifically tailored to their distinct performance parameters.

DC100 uses an air suspension system that allows ride height to be altered by up to 12.6 inches for extreme approach and departure angles, axle articulation and ground clearance. The performance suspension in the DC100 Sport uses the third-generation MagneRide™ adjustable suspension for sporting on-road handling with all-terrain capability.

Terrain Response New off-road technologies will extend the capabilities of the Land Rover Terrain Response system.These new technologies allow the system to automatically optimize the vehicle for any environment without driver selection. This system analyzes data from sensors that assess suspension travel, steering angle, wheel slip and braking and acceleration inputs. The vehicle will react continuously and unobtrusively by altering spring, damper, gearing and power delivery parameters.

The Terrain Response on the DC100 concepts also features High-Definition cameras mounted on the front to analyze the ground ahead. This is then compared to images stored within a predictive neural network and allows the system to determine visually, for example, the difference between sand, grass, mud, gravel, snow and asphalt. The system will use this data to alter the off-road performance parameters.

Intelligent Terrain Mapping Acting as an early-warning system is the state-of-the-art Terrain-i mapper that creates a virtual 3D visualization of the ground ahead, displayed on the central touch screen. Similar to systems used by fighter pilots, Terrain-i uses a headlamp-mounted scanner that runs complex algorithms to assess the route ahead and warn the driver of obstacles potentially too large to be safely negotiated.

Terrain-i will suggest alternatives, displaying a safer route on the screen. Cameras mounted on each corner also give the driver a 360-degree field of vision.

Terrain-i also plays a vital support role in crowded urban environments where the scanner system can identify pedestrians and obstacles. This can initially warn the driver and then attempt to stop the vehicle if action is not taken.

Wade Aid Land Rover has developed a sonar-based system for assessing water depth that allows the driver to make informed decisions as to whether to proceed into flooded areas.

The system utilizes sensors mounted in the bumpers and side mirrors. These are able to measure depth and by working in conjunction with inclinometers recognize whether the level is increasing or decreasing. This information is displayed on the central touch screen.

The system will also automatically optimize the concept for water crossing by raising the ride height, closing body vents, selecting a lower gear to maintain engine revs and advising on the optimum speed for the depth of water, allowing a maximum wading depth of 29.5 inches.

Spiked Tires Further allowing the concepts to adjust to changing conditions is a driver-deployable spiked tire system. This is operated by an electro-mechanical system mounted within the tire; activation of the technology permits air to inflate a secondary air chamber, filling pods moulded into the tread of the tire and which contain the spikes.The spikes rise just above the tread surface and fix into place for driving on packed snow and ice. When conditions have eased, the spikes can be retracted, obviating the need to carry two sets of tires or snow chains.

Telematics Underpinning these systems is a telematics program that seamlessly integrates many vehicle functions and presents information to the driver in the clearest, most straightforward manner. The telematics systems allow communication between the vehicle and a smartphone or laptop, allowing the owner to check everything from the tire pressure to the cabin temperature and operate the climate control remotely.

In addition, the telematics system can store data from every one of the vehicle’s journeys and download them for comparison. For example, information from the Wade Aid system could chart changes in water depth, or data from the traction control could be used to assess the rate of terrain erosion.

The system also has full on-the-move connectivity via 3G and satellite and can deliver not just traffic alerts but also weather warnings for remoter areas.

Adventure Key Land Rover prides itself on offering solutions to everyday as well as extraordinary situations. Having a key to carry can hamper athletic activities. Using RFID technology, the key can be embedded into impact or water resistant objects such as watches and wristbands. These allow the main key fob to be left in a slot in the glove box, which deactivates it and transfers its security functions to the rugged item containing the RFID chip. Once the vehicle is secured, only that specific RFID smart tag will allow access.

Future developments of the system will allow each family member their own smart tag, which would save their personal audio, climate, communication, and seating settings. This would also allow parents to restrict vehicle power and speed when their children use it. Third-generation smart tags could also include biometric data that could use facial recognition systems to increase security.

Park Assist A Park Assist system, can parallel park the vehicles with minimal inputs from the driver. Sensors scan the side of the road to select a suitably sized space. If the driver confirms the selection, the DC100 Sport can then reverse into the space, performing all the steering functions automatically while the driver retains control over the brakes and accelerator.


Land Rover is actively researching the next generation of powertrains appropriate to the extreme uses and environmental challenges to which its vehicles are put. In association with research centers, suppliers, and universities, the company is looking at a wide range of options to reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions.

Intelligent Engine Start/Stop The two concepts are fitted with an eight-speed ZF automatic transmission with Intelligent Start/Stop. Designed with future hybridization in mind, the gearbox utilizes a Twin Solenoid Starter system that offers considerable benefits over more conventional Start/Stop technologies such as the ability to restart the engine during its shutdown phase. The addition of a transfer case offers a wide spread of ratios, while steering wheel-mounted gear selection paddles afford manual gear control both on and off-road.

Powerful and Efficient Powertrains Both concepts are powered by 2.0-liter four-cylinder engines. The go-anywhere DC100 is diesel-powered for maximum mud-bogging torque while the more performance-oriented DC100 Sport is gasoline-powered for a sportier drive. Both engines are capable of being configured as parallel or plug-in hybrids.

Torque Vectoring A new electronic torque vectoring system maximizes the stability, traction and handling on any surface. As opposed to purely mechanical differentials, electronic torque vectoring can channel specific amounts of power to each individual wheel. For on-road driving, this allows a sportier and safer drive, with the torque vectoring acting to enhance vehicle performance and stability. During off-road driving, torque vectoring confers even greater benefits, being able to infinitely and instantaneously send torque to whichever combination of the four wheels has the most grip.

Driveline Disconnect Driveline Disconnect can reduce frictional losses by disconnecting the rear axle unless conditions dictate that four-wheel drive is required. Unlike conventional switchable four-wheel drive, which reroutes engine power electronically, the Land Rover system physically decouples the rear propshaft from the center differential for greater efficiency benefits. The system can swiftly recouple and send drive to the rear wheels when it detects a loss of traction.

Volvo Concept You

Concept You from Volvo Car Corporation:

Luxurious Scandinavian design with intuitive smart pad technology

The Volvo Car Corporation now takes the next bold step in the evolution of the company's upcoming large luxury sedan.

The Concept You, revealed at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show, combines a sleek coupe-like exterior with a luxurious high-tech interior that keeps the driver in command via intuitive smart pad technology.

The Concept You picks up where the Concept Universe, revealed at Auto Shanghai earlier this year, left off. It gives the global car buying public another exciting glimpse of the Volvo Car Corporation's future.

With a full interior, Concept You allows luxury sedan customers to fully experience the craftsmanship and intuitive technology that will be the hallmark of future Volvos.

"The new Concept You roofline stretches all the way back to the tail lamps - creating that dynamic fastback look that is very much in vogue among European car buyers at the moment," says Peter Horbury, Vice President Design at the Volvo Car Corporation.

Touch-control cockpit and pure craftsmanship

The luxurious interior of the Concept You features a blend of intuitive smart pad technology and first-class craftsmanship.

"The Concept You explores new territories in our search for the ultimate intuitive car that makes the owners manual a thing of the past. Smart phones and smart pads have brought mobile infotainment into a new era. Here, we use a number of touch-screens to replace buttons and controls in order to make the driver totally connected, totally in control. The technology also helps us to create a refreshingly uncluttered interior," explains Peter Horbury.

The Concept You control centre consists of four main areas; a digital Driver Information Monitor (DIM), a head-up display on the windscreen, a touch-screen in the upper part of the centre console and a touch-screen between the two individual rear seats. The wood/leather steering wheel has aluminium and glass paddles with integrated touch-screens.

The touch-screen in the upper part of the centre console remains in sleeping mode until the driver looks at it. A hidden infrared camera registers the eye movements and information is displayed on the screen.

Another sensor registers hand movements and triggers the Infotainment system's control mode. The possibilities vary depending on whether the screen is approached by the driver or by the front passenger.

"Certain functions, such as surfing the Web, are only accessible from the passenger side while the car is rolling. The technology knows who is the present operator and adapts itself automatically," says Peter Horbury.

The driver can "flip" data from the central touch-screen to the head-up display - and can exchange data with the rear passengers. A light guide in the free-floating centre console indicates file transfer.

Unique air-powered sound system

The Infotainment system also integrates a high-end sound system from Alpine. It features the unique "FreshAir" subwoofer - a not yet released technology that uses the air outside the car to create the ultimate listening experience.

The sound system consists of small, optimized units that considerably cut weight - while still producing a better sound than today's systems.

Comfortable and cultivated

The interior is dedicated to offer design-driven customers a comfortable, cultivated, Scandinavian inspired environment that is also user-focused and refreshingly uncomplicated. Every detail has been chosen with the customer experience in focus.

The interior is driver-orientated at the front and comfortably relaxed in the rear. The dynamic feel and dark colour scheme in the front seats fades seamlessly towards the rear until it fully transforms into a light rear seat haven of calmness.

The rear seat passengers are embraced by pure comfort, as if their favourite lounge were magically integrated into the car. The interior moulds into the rear seat and becomes part of the seating environment.

The Volvo Car Corporation has partnered with several other famous brands in order to create a genuine feeling of luxury with the right Scandinavian touch.

Leather, suede and suit fabric

The four individual seats, inspired by ultra-comfortable chairs, blend chrome-free leather from Bridge of Wear with Dinamica ecological suede. The off-black front seats have suede in the centre to create optimal grip. The soft beige rear seats are designed for pure comfort with leather in the centre and suede on the sides.

The Concept You design also integrates the luxury qualities of a tailor made suit into the car. The back of the front seats and the door panels feature exclusive Italian fabric and designs from Swedish fashion house Oscar Jacobson.

The designers have also been generous with large, handcrafted pieces of walnut - accompanied by leather panels, Dinamica suede roof lining and carefully chosen aluminium details.

Hand-tufted wool carpets

The wooden floor, which echoes Scandinavian homes, is covered with a specially designed hand-tufted carpet from world-famous Swedish brand Kasthall. Just like the rest of the interior it fades from dark in the front to light in the rear. The front texture has a sporty firmness, while the rear part of the carpet is luxuriously soft.

"The interior is full of classic forms, materials and textures, used with a twist to create a special contemporary luxury experience. It is exceptionally refined, yet with all the simplistic assets that make Volvo champions of the uncomplicated," explains Peter Horbury. He concludes:

"We are carving out a unique position among the luxury car makers with our special kind of Scandinavian Design. It will be unmatched in performance, technology and craftsmanship, but without superficiality or complication."

Inspiration from Georg Jensen

The Concept You is finished in a light blue, liquid metal paint from DuPont. The ventilated disc brakes are developed by Volvo's racing specialists Polestar.

The car's fast silhouette is emphasised by the 21-inch polished aluminium wheels with a twisted twin-spoke design and tyres from Pirelli (275/30/21).

Up front, the Concept You grille - which has a more classic appearance than the Concept Universe - features details with the same beautifully polished craftsmanship.

"The design of the wheels, the grille and details in the innovative headlamps have been inspired by the exquisite works of world-famous Danish design house Georg Jensen. Their precious items capture the essence of Scandinavian design. Uncluttered, organic surfaces and superb craftsmanship that radiate timeless luxury," says Peter Horbury. He adds:

"This eternal beauty of Georg Jensen design is what we are aiming for with the whole concept car. Just like the finest luxury goods, this design should feel handcrafted and durable enough to stand the test of time."

The dipped beam comes from LED lamps in four "ice blocks" on top of the high beam lights. The "ice blocks" are installed with the same technology that jewellers use for mounting precious stones.

Infiniti FX Sebastian Vettel Version


ROLLE, Switzerland (Sept 13, 2011) – Just six months after the idea first surfaced, the Infiniti FX designed for reigning Formula One World Champion Sebastian Vettel is unveiled today at the Frankfurt International Motor Show. What began as a chat between the Red Bull Racing driver and Infiniti’s Chief Creative Officer, Shiro Nakamura, at the Geneva Show in March is revealed, in concept form, as Infiniti’s fastest car yet and, probably, the most exclusive crossover ever made.

With its sophisticated technology, lightweight components and features such as Rear Active Steering for maximum agility, the V8 FX50S Premium – Infiniti’s flagship as well as its best-selling model in some markets – provides the ideal starting point for the FX Sebastian Vettel version. Changes including increased power, lower weight, derestricted top speed, longer gearing, increased downforce and lowered and stiffer suspension turn what is already a sports car among crossovers into a crossover supercar - the 300km/h reality of the World Champion’s vision.

Infiniti’s Corporate Vice President Toru Saito said: “The FX Sebastian Vettel version is unique and very much Sebastian’s car. But at the same time it is a concept car for Infiniti globally.”

Sebastian Vettel, 2010 Formula One World Champion and Infiniti Global Brand Ambassador

“I have been driving an FX all this year and it is a car I love. It fits my lifestyle perfectly and is great fun to drive. But of course, it could go a little faster…

“I drive a lot in Germany on motorways that have no speed limits and have enjoyed my FX around the Nürburgring Nordschleife. Driving at high speed where safe and legal is part of my life. As well as a higher top speed I wanted even better stability in my FX, and that meant work on the aerodynamics. It is a tribute to the excellence of the standard FX that achieving all my targets required so few changes.

“This is the first road car I have helped develop. Usually I have hundreds of engineers building one car just for me. So it is fantastic for me to contribute to the design of a car. The result is an Infiniti I am very proud to have my name on. It is all I hoped for: 300km/h, plenty of downforce – and I can still fit my mountain bike in the back. Plus it is totally exclusive – and as an Infiniti driver, that’s important.”

Design and aerodynamics

As Sebastian says, the first priority for his ultimate FX was to give it more performance. However, whether on the racetrack or the road, speed is just one part of the mix that goes to make a world-beater. All the car’s systems, and in particular the aerodynamics, must be up to the task. In the FX Sebastian Vettel version they are.

The car’s revised aerodynamics profile is the result of changes made by Infiniti designers and engineers after meetings involving Sebastian and Red Bull Racing personnel. A Red Bull Racing RB7 was even shipped to Japan to provide real life inspiration for the team bringing the World Champion’s road car dream to life.

Riding 20mm lower than standard and featuring a more aerodynamic, as well as more distinctive, Essence-inspired grille, the most obvious change is the addition of a carbon rear wing. Tests show that it delivers everything that its looks promise – and Sebastian sought – in terms of increased downforce, and stability, at the 300km/h speeds of which the FX Sebastian Vettel version is capable.

As well as a 30 per cent improvement in the coefficient of lift (Cl), the special FX boasts a 5 per cent lower coefficient of drag (Cd). Boosting downforce while simultaneously cutting drag is one of the concept’s major claims to fame. Even the door mirror housings have been shaped to increase downforce.

Carbon is used for the splitter, sills, front grille, mirror covers and rear diffuser, trimming the weight of what is already one of the lighter SUVs in its size class. Design of the splitter and diffuser is inspired by the F1 car, as is the central rear fog light – just like an F1 car’s rain light.

The wheels are 21-inch black multispoke alloys with silver rims, designed exclusively for this car; they don’t just look the part but also save weight over the standard 21-inch FX50 wheel. At 2049kg, the FX Sebastian Vettel version weighs 46kg less than a standard FX50S Premium.

Lower and even more distinctive with new LED daytime running lights set just below the front bumper section, the concept FX exudes dynamic power. The new look enhances the sports car-like proportions and makes the flowing profile even more seductive. Dark smoke lights back and front complete the look – along with Vettel logos on both sides and at the rear.

Shiro Nakamura, Infiniti Senior Vice President and Chief Creative Officer

“We are always keen to listen to what our customers have to say about our cars, whoever they are. Equally we are always keen to show how individual our cars are, and how personalization can subtly alter their character. Making the perfect FX for Sebastian was the ideal demonstration of this.

“It was at this year’s Geneva Show that Sebastian first suggested to me that we collaborate on making his perfect FX. So we haven’t had long, but with very clear objectives we have been able to realize his ideas in a very satisfying manner.”

Mechanical changes

With an already potent 5.0-litre V8 under the bonnet, relatively little needed to be done to enable the world’s most special FX to hit Sebastian Vettel’s maximum speed target of 300km/h.

The first job was to free the car of its speed limiter which electronically restricts all other FXs to 250km/h. Even in standard form, with the VVEL V8 producing 390PS at 6500rpm, the car has plenty of performance beyond its artificial top speed, but even so more power had to be found to deliver 300km/h.

No radical engine reworking was necessary to gain the extra 30PS that takes the FX Vettel concept’s power output to 420PS. A new exhaust system liberates some of the extra horsepower while a reprogrammed engine ECU takes care of the rest, with no discernible difference to the V8’s response or efficiency. And it sounds better than ever.

In addition to the extra power is a longer final drive ratio to deliver 300km/h Autobahn speed without any detrimental effects on refinement. The longer overall gearing means the car is not as quick off the line as it could be – but at 5.6 seconds for 0-100km/h, two tenths of a second ahead of the standard car, no one is complaining. Least of all Sebastian Vettel.

Stiffer springs and re-rated dampers take the FX50’s already highly focused sports chassis into a new area of precision control for the smooth-surface, high-speed driving for which the car exists. Essentially, however, making an FX to the World Champion’s specification required no major changes. Like any FX in sporting S guise, the concept features dual-flow path (DFP) dampers with continuous damping control (CDC); the same wishbone front/multilink rear suspension, much of it constructed out of aluminium; opposed 4-piston (front), 2-piston (rear) calipers for the 355/350mm brake discs; and vehicle-speed variable rack and pinion steering.

Rear Active Steering, an important ingredient in any FX S’s blend of agility with stability, plays a key role in ensuring handling fulfils the World Champion’s requirements for a road car.


The bespoke carbon fibre exterior detailing is echoed in the FX’s cabin by tailored panels of black carbon – real, not appliqué – on the doors and centre console. Highlights that would normally be silver chrome are treated to a special black chrome finish, while in true F1 style, Alcantara is used on the steering wheel and gearshift paddles. Special seats, with extra support, are covered in black quilted suede cloth finished with purple stitching and special “SV” logos. The material also features on the pillars, roof lining and sun visors.

A metal plate on the centre console featuring the World Champion’s signature provides the unique finishing touch.

The luxury fittings, comprehensive features including Connectiviti+, one of the car world’s most complete and easily understood infotainment systems, and the FX’s award-winning range of safety technologies are all included. As standard of course. Infiniti believes that no one should be forced to pay for expensive extras.

Not even World Champions.

Subaru BRZ Prologue

FHI Introduces “SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE”  Tokyo, September, 13 - Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. (FHI), the manufacturer of Subaru automobiles, unveiled the “SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE - BOXER Sports Car Architecture II -” at the 64th Frankfurt Motor Show. (Press day: September 13 and 14; Open to the public from September 15 through 25, 2011)

“SUBARU BRZ PROLOGUE” embodies the technology concept of the “SUBARU BRZ”, an all-new rear-wheel drive (RWD) sports car, currently under joint development with Toyota Motor Corporation. Built around Subaru’s core technology - the Horizontally-Opposed Boxer engine, a new platform was developed in order to extract the maximum performance potential required of the RWD sports car.

The architecture employs the totally new 2.0-litre Subaru Boxer engine exclusively designed for the new sports car. In addition to renewing the bore and stroke, by adopting Toyota’s direct injection and port injection technology - “D-4S”, it creates higher output and better environmental friendliness to achieve sporty properties best-suited for the new generation sports car.

SUBARU BRZ is currently under development with an ambition of Subaru and Toyota to provide driving pleasure to a wider range of customers by making full uses of both companies’ expertise, and its start of production is expected in spring 2012. Thanks to its front-engine, rear-wheel drive layout; further lowered centre of gravity; and compact and lightweight body, SUBARU BRZ delivers new ways to enjoy “Pure Handling Delight” driving experience.

Major Specifications

Body size (Overall: Length x Width x Height): 4,200 x 1,770 x 1,270 mm

Wheelbase: 2,570 mm

Engine type: 2.0-litre direct injection naturally-aspirated

four cylinder Horizontally-Opposed Boxer engine

About Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd.

Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. (FHI), the maker of Subaru automobiles, is a leading manufacturer in Japan with a long history of technological innovations that dates back to its origin as an aircraft company. While the automotive business is a main business pillar, FHI’s Aerospace, Industrial Products and Eco Technologies divisions offer a diverse range of products from general-purpose engines, power generators, and sanitation trucks to small airplanes, crucial components for passenger aircrafts, and wind-powered electricity generating systems. Recognized internationally for its AWD (all-wheel drive) technology and Horizontally-Opposed engines in Subaru, FHI is also spearheading the development of environmentally friendly products and is committed to contributing to global environmental preservation



Subaru XV unveiled

FHI Introduces All-New “SUBARU XV” at Frankfurt Motor Show  Tokyo, September 13, 2011 – Fuji Heavy Industries Ltd. (FHI), the manufacturer of Subaru automobiles, today unveiled the new Subaru XV (European specifications) as a world premiere at the 64th Frankfurt Motor Show (Press days: September 13 and 14, Open to public: September 15 through 25). FHI plans to introduce the new XV to the European market as its strategic model to provide customers with “Enjoyment and Peace of Mind” through Subaru’s new “Confidence in Motion” brand statement.

The fundamental product concept that Subaru adopted for the XV is “Urban Adventure.” In specific terms, a vehicle that would be perfectly suited to exciting, lively, yet stress-free use in the city. Thus, Subaru balanced optimal performance factors such as fuel efficiency and enjoyable driving (Fun to Drive) with a stylish, highly distinctive exterior design.

[Note: Information provided in this release is based on Eropean specifications.]

Packaging / Utility 

This vehicle’s interior provides unmatched comfort levels to all passengers and best-in-class spaciousness.

 The XV features an extremely roomy passenger compartment, a cargo area that is both spacious and convenient, and excellent riding comfort.


 A new package with stylish and light proportions combining the SUV image with a highly comfortable and spacious interior.

 Expressing “Enjoyment and Peace of Mind”, the XV has the superior drive performance and fuel efficiency made possible by Subaru’s next-generation power units, the excellent maneuverability for which Subaru is renowned and an extremely high level of functionality.


・The new generation Boxer Engine 1.6-litre, 2.0-litre

・The Boxer Diesel Engine 2.0-litre

・The new Lineartronic (CVT)

・The new Auto Start Stop system (Idle reduction system)


Subaru XV (European Specifications)

 The door opening dimensions have been enlarged and the higher seat position allows much easier ingress and egress.

 With a focus on convenience, ample storage space for small objects is provided at ideal locations. The Multi-Function Display (MFD) is highly visible in the upper middle section of the instrument panel for comfortable driving.


Exterior design 

Coined from the terms “professional tool” and “trendy design,” Subaru’s “Protren” design concept symbolizes the fusion of SUV functionality and urban persona.

 It features a new type of crossover design that combines a stylish, flowing form with a high body and side cladding that enhances the sense of functionality of SUV.

 Equipped with a hexagon grille and hawk eye headlights, these design features emphasize the unique identity of Subaru vehicles. The innovatively designed aluminum wheels and cut-away cladding give the XV a sporty and attractive appearance.

 The corners of the front and rear bumpers were designed with special edges that enhance the aerodynamic performance of the vehicle and also contribute to better fuel efficiency.


Interior design 

Along with the roomy and comfortable interior, a stylish design was selected to bring out the best qualities of the chosen materials and give passengers a feeling of quality.

 The instrument panel is styled horizontally which gives a more roomy feeling.

 A luxurious interior was created that perfectly balances the different tactile and emotional qualities of leather, metal, and cloth.

 The Multi-Function Display is highly visible in the upper middle section of the instrument panel and provides the driver and passengers with information necessary for practical driving in a highly intuitive format. For high-grade type*1, a large 4.3 inches full-color LCD is equipped with advanced infotainment such as eco-driving display and vehicle information display which supports the driver in a great many ways.

*1: Option for all models


Engine and transmission 

The new generation Subaru Boxer engine, which was introduced last year with a totally new design, is installed in 1.6-litre and 2.0-litre petrol models. Along with the usual merits that horizontally-opposed engines inherently possess, this engine has improved fuel efficiency and exhaust performance. Together with the adoption of the new Lineartronic (CVT), a newly developed “Auto Start Stop System”, the fuel efficiency was further improved. Also the Subaru Boxer Diesel, which was specially developed for the European market and received very favorable reviews, is featured in the XV line-up.


The new generation Boxer Engine

 A new design was implemented with a bore/stroke ratio that is more advantageous for fuel efficiency. The stroke has been lengthened without altering the overall engine width compared to the previous generation. Both environmental friendliness and regular-use mid-low range torque have been improved due to the adoption of a longer stroke and dual AVCS*2. This engine offers excellent accelerating performance and its superior response gives the driver a feeling of instant acceleration, especially when the accelerator is lightly depressed.

*2: Active Valve Control System


The new Lineartronic

 Making use of the inherent advantages of Chain-driven CVT (Continuously Variable Transmission) such as lightness, compactness, superior fuel efficiency, and wide ratio coverage, Subaru successfully developed a new CVT for the new XV for improved environmental friendliness and drivability.


The new Auto Start Stop system*3 

 By automatically stopping the engine in situations where the vehicle is temporarily stationary, such as idling at traffic lights, it boosts the fuel efficiency. This new system has a newly developed “change of mind control”*4 function to enable smooth restart without sacrificing driving comfort.


*3: Standard for petrol models

*4: Lineartronic vehicle


 By integrating the partition windows into the front doors and putting the door mirrors on the door panels, top-level forward visibility in this class was achieved, and blind angles were reduced. A stylish profile with a more streamlined rear roof edge was designed without impairing the rear field of view.

 In addition to SRS driver’s/passenger’s airbags, SRS side airbags and SRS curtain airbags, SRS driver’s knee airbag are installed as standard in all models.

 VDC (Vehicle Dynamics Control) is installed in all models as standard. Its intervention timing was optimized and incorporates control logic that demonstrates effectiveness in danger avoidance situations. A brake assist function is also incorporated into the VDC system. This provides the XV with world leading danger avoidance performance and increases driving confidence.


Major Specifications: (European Specs.) [Note: Specifications are preliminary and subject to change.]

Overall Length x Width x Height (mm): 4,450 x 1,780 x 1,570

Wheelbase (mm): 2,635

Track Front/Rear(mm): 1,525 /1,525

Minimum road clearance (at kerb weight)(mm): 220

Seating Capacity: 5

Nissan Develops New Quick Charger for Electric Vehicles

Nissan Develops New Quick Charger for Electric Vehicles



YOKOHAMA, Japan – September 12, 2011—Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. today revealed its new quick charger to the public and announced plans for this proprietary technology to go on sale in November 2011 at Nissan parts companies throughout Japan.

The newly-developed quick charging unit retains the high performance of the current quick charger manufactured by Nissan, which is now on sale with a suggested retail price of 1.47 million yen (including tax), but is nearly half the size (by volume). The new charger unit’s smaller size will take up less space and enable easier installation. When it goes on sale, the new standard specification quick charger unit will be highly competitive and great value to customers because it will cost significantly less than one million yen, while the base specification unit will cost only below one half the price of the current unit.


Nissan aims to sell 5,000 of the new quick chargers by the end of fiscal year 2015 (March 2016) to contribute to the ongoing development of the EV quick charging infrastructure in Japan. The company plans to install the new charging units at an increasing number of its dealerships nationwide and introduce the new units at local government facilities and in locations that draw large numbers of customers in regions throughout Japan. Nissan is also proactively seeking partner companies for sales as part of its efforts to assure customers of a comfortable and convenient electric vehicle driving experience. Preparations are also underway for future sales of the new quick charger in the US and in European markets.


Product Outline Four features of the new quick charger 1. Safety The new unit can be used even in rainy weather, and offers many safety features, such as monitoring against a potential short circuit when the charging unit is interfacing with the EV, for safe charging. 2. Universal compatibility It complies with CHAdeMO*1 protocol and is compatible with Nissan EVs as well as EVs manufactured by other companies. 3. Responsive to various charging environments To meet a variety of customer needs, Nissan has developed three specifications: base, standard and cold weather specifications. 4. Competitive pricing Thanks to the adoption of new electric circuit technology*2 and by harnessing technology used in Nissan manufacturing and R&D, the new unit features a simple and efficient design that enables a low price.



Base specification

Standard specification

Cold weather specification

Rated input:

49kW 3- AC200V

Output voltage:

Maximum DC500V

Output current:

Maximum DC125A

Connector to feed power to the EV:

JEVS G 105-1993-compliant*3

Height/width/depth (mm):




Countermeasures taken: - Warming equipment- Cold-resistant cable
Main specifications: -  Indoor specification- No LCD display- External charger connector hook- 2m cable

- Antirust paint


- Outdoor specification- Monochrome LCD display (color LCD display is an option)- Built-in connector holder- 4m cable

- Final paint coating (white)

- Outdoor specification- Monochrome LCD display (color LCD display is an option)- Built-in connector holder- 4m cable

- Final paint coating (white)

- Heater - Cold-resistant cable



*1 CHAdeMO: CHAdeMO is an abbreviation of “CHArge de MOve", roughly meaning to “charge for moving.” It is an association of companies committed to the development of EVs by facilitating the expansion of EV charging station infrastructure and aiming at standardized charging methods.

*2 The new electric circuit technology: developed in cooperation with Nagaoka University of Technology

*3 JEVS G105-1993: The Japan Automotive Research Institute (JARI) has created a new organization for EV technology standardization, the Japan Electric Vehicle Association Standard (JEVS). G 105-1993 is the connector to be used at eco-station for EV quick charging systems.

1972 Triumph T100C

Triumph T100C - Enduro-style 1972 machine a step back in time


Some could argue this 1972 Triumph T100C is the last of the line. Let’s flashback to 1937. Triumph designer Edward Turner pens the 498cc parallel twin-cylinder engine that fits into the Speed Twin.

Story by Greg Williams. Photos by Amee Reehal



The Speed Twin was something of a seminal motorcycle, as its engine influenced Britain’s entire motorcycle industry. Other makers -- including B.S.A., Norton and Royal Enfield – all developed and produced their own parallel twin engines after witnessing the success of the Triumph.

But Turner could not have known when he drew the Speed Twin engine that its basic design would still be powering Triumph’s own motorcycles nearly 40 years later. From its introduction in 1937 right up to its end in 1973, the 500cc parallel twin changed very little.

Obviously modifications were made over time, including a change from a separate gearbox/crankcase layout to unit construction, but the successful basic details laid out by Turner were never much improved. For example, Triumph’s twin-cylinder engine included a vertically split crankcase that houses a single, central flywheel. The crankpins are “in line”, allowing both pistons to rise and fall simultaneously. The cylinders fire alternately with power impulses spaced evenly at 360 degrees.



By the early 1970s Triumph was a foundering motorcycle company. The British manufacturer had in 1971 introduced its oil-in-frame models for the 650cc engine. Critics of the oil-in-frame design derided it for being too tall, and for changing the pleasing proportions of the earlier duplex tube frame models.

Triumph had, however, left the smaller 490cc engine in a standard duplex frame. This meant the half-litre Triumph’s had a much lower seat height and more traditional looks, and were offered as two models for both 1971 and 1972 – the T100R Daytona and the T100C Trophy. The Daytona model was equipped for the road, with dual AMAL Concentric carburetors and a low-level exhaust system. The T100C featured a single AMAL Concentric carburetor and a stylish high-level twin-pipe exhaust exiting on the left, with a chrome wire shield to protect wayward legs from burns. Wheels were shod with knobby-style tires, and the handlebars are a little wider than those found on the Daytona.

The T100C wasn’t the first ‘off-road’ machine Triumph produced. In the 1950s Triumph built models with true off-road capabilities, including the TR5 and the TR6. Both were quite capable performers in various events, including trials in the U.K. and desert racing in the western United States. But by 1972 the Triumph T100C would be considered more of an enduro-style machine, with little real off-road prowess.

Owner Jonathan Nicholson bought this example of a tidily restored 1972 T100C nearly six years ago. Motorcycles fascinated Nicholson in the 1950s as a teenager living in Vancouver. He purchased several Triumphs from Deeley’s shop when the storefront was on Broadway. “I’ve had a 500cc B.S.A. Gold Star, and a Matchless, but most of my bikes were Triumphs, and they were mainly 650s.”

Nicholson remembers the Deeley store quite will, and adds: “In the late 1950s there were three Vincents in Deeley’s shop, and it seemed to me that nobody really wanted them – they were dirt cheap. I can’t tell you the number of times I’ve since thought about those bikes.”

Helping lighten the memory are his two British motorcycles. Besides the T100C Nicholson owns a 1970 T120 Bonneville, and for serious road riding there resides in the garage a 2003 Anniversary Edition Harley-Davidson Softail Deuce.

Nicholson lives near Bragg Creek in Alberta, where on weekends Calgary motorcyclists tend to congregate in the town centre. On good days, there can be upwards of 150 motorcycles on the asphalt parking lot of the main mall. That’s where Nicholson first saw the T100C.  The first owner had purchased the motorcycle through Robin’s Classic and Vintage Motorcycles (www.robinsclassicmotorcycles.ocm) on Vancouver Island, where noted Brit-bike enthusiast Ken Brown had restored the machine.

“I was driving by the parking lot at Bragg Creek and saw the bike. I turned around and went back and talked to the owner,” Nicholson says. “I quite liked the bike.”

A year later when he answered an advertisement in the local Bargain Finder classified paper offering a Triumph T100C he wondered if it might be the same motorcycle he had spied in Bragg Creek. Indeed it was, and needless to say Nicholson bought the bike.

Since purchasing the T100C Nicholson says he’s had to very little, apart from some minor detailing and polishing and regular maintenance chores. He doesn’t travel great distances on the 500cc Triumph, but he will ride it into Calgary (a distance of some 90 km round trip), or, he will venture a little further from Bragg Creek to the next small town of Cochrane to the north.

“I like to get out and ride it,” Nicholson says. “It’s like stepping back in time, and I’ve never forgotten what it’s like to ride a Triumph. It starts first or second kick, and it’s got a fair bit of power – just not at the top end.”

By 1973 the end of the 500cc Triumph range was the T100R road going model and the TR5T Trophy Trail, or the Adventurer. Replacing the T100C, the Adventurer was made up of components from both B.S.A. and Triumph parts bins. A B.S.A. scrambler-type frame formed the chassis of the TR5T around Triumph’s 500cc twin engine, and the Triumph conical-style front wheel and forks were up front. But the TR5T was a one-year only model; in 1974 Triumph dropped all 500cc machines to focus on the larger 650 and 750cc motorcycles, where more of a profit could be made.

Of his last-of-the-line Triumph T100C – a machine he calls a ‘time capsule’, Nicholson notes: “Part of the fun with this motorcycle is letting other people see it. I can ride my Harley into Bragg Creek and there can be 90 other motorcycles there and nobody notices. But if I ride in on my Triumph it certainly draws a crowd.”

While his T100C has some off-road pretensions, Nicholson doesn’t ever plan to find out just how far into the woods he could go. “I wouldn’t want to take it off road, given our ages, that’s the bike’s age and my age!”